Birak Season





To represent the warming of boodja (land) and the magnificent sunrise and sunsets during this Season.

The Southwest showcases spectacular colours from the sky in pinks, oranges, yellows and reds as the sun rises and the sun sets in the Season of Birak. Birak Season is all about landcare and preparation for new growth. Land (boodja) is slowly heated by the hot days, releasing the moisture that is returned by a break of rain. This cycle of hot weather and quenching rainfall enabled safe fire burning practices.

This is why Birak is referred to as the 'Burning Season', where Noongar people would initiate 'controlled burning', in order for the land to regenerate and allow for environmental regrowth. Flame (djarliny) was an important tool used to assist regrowth, using a combination of heat to release seeds and smoke (koorl) followed by rains to encourage the germination of seeds. Mosaic fire practices were utilised, and 'cool fire' practises ensured the fire was controlled at all times.

Christmas Tree (Moodjar) with bright orange/yellow flowers is now in full bloom. Reptiles are active and will be shedding their skin and young Magpies (Koolbardi) are learning new techniques but still reliant on their parents. The adult Koolbardi will often force independence of the young by a feeding demonstration followed by close supervision as they listen (ni) to the constant calling for food.

The sea breeze in the mornings and evenings makes this time of year refreshing and the ocean always gave an abundance of fresh food. The banksia is in flower and is used as a source of honey.

There are many Aboriginal communities throughout Australia, and all have their own language, lore systems, kinship systems and beliefs. Aboriginal language was an oral language that was passed down from one generation to the next, therefore the language can vary in spelling.

Boodja - Land

Djarliny - Flame

Ni - Listen

Karl - Fire

Ngardanginy - Hunting practices

Karla - Campfire

Koondarnangor - Thunder

Mia Mia - Shelter

Koolbardi - Magpie

Yonga - Kangaroo

Weitj - Emu

Koormal - Female possum

Kelang - Male possum

Djidi djidi - Willy wagtail

Djet Malkakoom - Wildflower

Moodjar - Christmas Tree

Balga - Grass Tree

Poolgarla - Bull banksia - banksia grandis

Galyang - Rigid wattle - acacia cochlearis

Kudjong - Orange wattle

Karda - Goanna

Noorn - Dugite

Wakarl - Carpet snake

Nornt - Tiger snake

Yoorn - Bobtail